How to Supervise the Development of Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial intelligence (AI) will have a profound effect on our society, one that we can only speculate about at this point. It is already claimed that algorithms can select the most qualified applicants for a position, aid physicians in making medical diagnoses, and assist attorneys in court. The use of expert systems to help people with a high degree of competence has been around since the 1980s, so this isn’t entirely new territory. But what is the objective of developing artificial intelligence systems?
The Novelty in the Project
What is novel now is that computers are capable of doing very complicated tasks on their own, despite the fact that their creators are often unable to comprehend what is happening within the “black box” of deep learning. When it comes to the development of artificial intelligence, the following discussion is of the most significant importance.
On the one hand, we can already see the promise of artificial intelligence (AI) for worldwide development:
It provides almost endless opportunities for increasing output and innovation in areas such as healthcare, agriculture, education, transportation, and government. In the process of the development of artificial intelligence, this is most essential.
However, in the development of artificial intelligence, it is becoming more apparent that artificial intelligence (AI) may have negative consequences as well, particularly in nations with fewer legal safeguards and institutional capacity. Furthermore, artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to endanger democratic processes, employment, human rights, and owing to the weaponization of AI technologies, privacy, law enforcement, and national security.
In the development of artificial intelligence beyond these dangers and advantages, the transformative potential of artificial intelligence, whether for good or evil, will be amplified in developing nations, where the gender and socio-economic disparities that now exist may be intensified even more.
Artificial Intelligence in Developing Nations in the South
Taking into consideration the possibilities and possible implications of new automation and mechanization methods, as well as sophisticated analyses conducted using machine learning and neural networks, the IDRC is investing in applied research in a variety of fields or areas in order to enhance public welfare via the use of artificial intelligence for development (IAPD).
The following are the goals of these activities:
AI rules and laws that are more inclusive and human rights-based are being improved
Responsive institutions and strong governance are critical in minimizing the potential harm caused by artificial intelligence, such as job losses, while also ensuring that AI systems promote innovation and have a positive social effect.
Promoting Artificial Intelligence Applications in the Public Interest
In order to develop context-specific artificial intelligence solutions across a broad variety of sectors, research and innovation networks will promote multidisciplinary and collaborative places for specialists.
Fostering the development of artificial intelligence skills and infrastructure in the Global South IDRC-supported research ensures that the advantages of artificial intelligence are utilized to enhance development, eliminate socio-economic disparities, and promote greater gender parity.
In order to avoid entrusting decision-making processes that were previously the duty of all humans to mathematical models, over which we have no control over the relevance or biases, laws are obviously needed in this field since it is not now the case. When scientists succeeded in cloning a sheep for the first time in 1996, the Council of Europe quickly proposed a framework for biomedicine: even today, the Oviedo Convention, which was opened for signature in 1997.
Similar to this, machine learning cannot be created without first defining clear boundaries beyond which the dangers of discrimination, violation of privacy, security, or dignity, restrictions on free speech, and manipulation of public opinion are especially apparent. The information technology industry and artificial intelligence designers, with whom we are currently in contact, have expressed the need for a stronger connection with institutions. Still, we must go much further and much more rapidly.
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